Opened 1913 as the Pauper Asylum for Gateshead, it became Gateshead County Borough Mental Hospital in 1920, then St Mary’s Hospital from 1948 Closed in 1995.
The asylum was requisitioned by the military use in World War I. At the end of the war the site was returned to Gateshead, who added a nurse’s home in 1927-8 and modified the isolation hospital to form a sanatorium for tuberculosis patients.
World War II led to the development of a hutted Emergency medical services hospital to the north of the admission unit, which was also requisitioned. The end of the war brought about the creation of the NHS, under which the hospital became known as St. Mary’s – named after the Stannington parish church. The hutted emergency hospital was converted to house mental defectives.
The Asylum was built in 1852 as “Lindsey and Holland Counties and Lincoln and District Lunatic Asylum” on a slight rise in Bracebridge parish, on the high road to Sleaford.
Originally built to house 250 inmates, it was enlarged in 1859, 1866, 1881 and 1902. The asylum grounds covered 120 acres.
Through its history, the Asylum was known under many different names including “Bracebridge Heath Asylum” and “Lincolnshire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum”.
Staffordshire General Lunatic Asylum opened on a 40-acre site to the north east of Stafford town centre on 1.10.1818.
The original building was designed by the County Surveyor, Joseph Potter.
It was enlarged in 1849-1850.
When Coton Hill Asylum opened in 1854 for private paying patients, the Stafford County Asylum only took ‘pauper lunatics’. The hospital was transferred to the National Health Service in 1948 and renamed St George’s Hospital.
The doors finally closed in 1995