Opened 1913 as the Pauper Asylum for Gateshead, it became Gateshead County Borough Mental Hospital in 1920, then St Mary’s Hospital from 1948 Closed in 1995.
The asylum was requisitioned by the military use in World War I. At the end of the war the site was returned to Gateshead, who added a nurse’s home in 1927-8 and modified the isolation hospital to form a sanatorium for tuberculosis patients.
World War II led to the development of a hutted Emergency medical services hospital to the north of the admission unit, which was also requisitioned. The end of the war brought about the creation of the NHS, under which the hospital became known as St. Mary’s – named after the Stannington parish church. The hutted emergency hospital was converted to house mental defectives.