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Litchfield Maltings

Wolverhampton and Dudley’s Lichfield Maltings, was originally part of a brewery owned by ‘The City Brewery Company’ that was established in 1874.

The Maltings were built in 1891 to designs by George Scamell of Westminster. In 1916 a fire closed the brewery and in 1917 the company was taken over by Wolverhampton and Dudley.

The modern storage unit was added in the 1970’s. At the time of closure in 2005 there were five employees.

Langwith Mill

A four storey cotton mill built in 1760, powered by the river Poulter via a mile long contoured canal from Langwith Lodge Lake.

Originally the mill was sixteen windows wide, which must have made it one of the largest mills in the district.

Cotton spinning ceased in about 1848 and the building was converted into a corn mill in 1886. It is built in limestone with a slate roof, alongside was a large dam for water power supply, now a meadow.

Langwith Mill is a curtilage building to the Grade II listed Langwith Mill House and a building of local interest in its own right.

Kingsway Hospital

Originally built in 1886-1888, it was designed by Hull based Benjamin S. Jacobs, an asylum specialist and built in the corridor plan. It was built in red brick, in a neo-Jacobean style, a much favoured design for public institutions and was a massive structure, grouped symmetrically around four internal courtyards. the interior consisted of large, airy dormitories and wards.

The main buildings were an administration block to the north (the main entrance) and on the south side, most of the wards, which were positioned so as to catch the sun at some time of each day, facing only east, south or west.

The more elaborate central block was built in darker brickwork and housed the assembly hall, with a chapel above it, which boasted a fine, open steelwork, trussed roof. Extensions were added in 1891, 1901 and 1902 to cope with the increasing population of the area. A new bakehouse was built in 1908 and in 1915 further extensions were added.

There was a model farm on the site where selected patients could work in order to endow their lives with some purpose. After the war, in 1948, the hospital and associated buildings passed to the NHS, which made further additions, half the farm buildings were demolished leaving the rest for storage.

The hospital finally closed in 2009.

Kimberley Brewery

William and Thomas Hardy bought the Samuel Robinson Brewery in 1857, originally trading out of a converted bakery on Hardy Street, they moved into the current brewery in 1861.

In 1930 they merged with a local rival ‘Hansons Brewery’ due to increasing pressure from larger breweries. In 2006 the Hardys & Hansons Kimberley Brewery and all its associated public house were sold to Greene King.

Holme Bank Chert Mine

Holme Bank mine was opened in early 1800 and worked up to 1960.

There are many workings within the site and it is notable for the large packwalls used to support the roof after the chert beds had been removed. It later became known as Smith’s Mine after a later owner who operated the mine, they also manufactured Davie blocks on the site for building and continued to do so on site up to about 1995.

Hartlepool Magnesia

In 1937 The Steetley Manufacturing Company built a pilot plant, it was known as the Palliser Works, named after the wartime fortifications that were there. The British Periclase Company was incorporated and a full-scale commercial magnesia plant was erected.

When war broke out in 1939, Hartlepool was the only source of magnesia in Britain and was sold under the name of Britmag.

In 1941 the plant was under government ownership, in 1952 it was passed back to its original owners.

1992 saw the company come under ownership of Redland plc, Magnesia was never part of Redlands’ business strategy and the plant was sold in 1997 and renamed Britmag. This company traded until the end of 2001 and then went into administration in January 2002. The site was reborn as CJC Chemicals in April 2002 without the refractory production units. CJC Chemicals ceased production June 2005. For more information please visit:

Hams Hall ‘B’ Control Room

Hams Hall B Power Station was planned in 1937. It began generating electricity in 1942. Between 1946 and 1949 the station was expanded, this increased the generating capacity to 160,500kW. Its water was cooled by four cooling towers.

The station used Parsons Alternators and December 1945 a corroded metal connection between the chimneys and boilers was the cause of a complaint of pollution. The connection was finally replaced in 1948 and until that time the pollution continued.

At the time of closure in 1981 Hams Hall B was generating 306 MW. Its four cooling towers were demolished in November 1985, with chimney number 2 going down in September 1988.

The main control room is an isolated building with a duodecagonal roof and is all that is left of the site.

Forest Mills

John Lawson Thackeray, (later mayor of Nottingham 1854-55 and 1865-66) moved down from Manchester in the 1780’s, he established what we call the Forest Mills factory some time in the early to mid 1800’s, just as the industrial revolution was in full flow, machines were putting people out of work and in 1811, a movement was formed by workers in the lace and hosiery industry in Nottingham, known as the Luddites. Factories and machinery, where being destroyed by this group of protesters but the government used the militia or army to protect industry, rioters who were caught were tried and hanged, or transported for life.

After the protests ended in the 1830’s, John Thackeray set about producing lace to a high standard and quality, he was rewarded in 1851 when at the Great Exhibition, his lace was awarded a gold medal which subsequently gained him a full order book.

As the demands for lace declined, Thackeray’s failure to upgrade machinery to modern standards forced the factory to finally close in 1950.

Dove Creamery

In the 1870’s the Duke of Devonshire founded the Dove Creamery in Hartington (later to be come known as The Hartinginton Cheese Factory) which produced a white crumbly Derbyshire cheese until 1894, when a fire partially destroyed the building. In 1900 Mr Thomas Nuttall took over the company and began producing Blue Stilton Cheese and was one of only 3 companies producing this cheese in the UK. The company was finally taken over and expanded by his son Mr John M Nuttall and in the 1920/30’s Hartington cheese was supplied to King George V by Royal Warrant. In 1930’s the Hartington creamery was acquired by the Milk Marketing Board and so became part of what was later known as Dairy Crest.

2001 saw a massive expenditure program that lasted until 2004, this included a ‘continuous vat production system’ that would replace traditional cheese making processes. This was the only one of its kind in the UK and was referred to as the’Continuous Coagulator’. Long Clawson Dairy acquired the creamery in August 2008 for the sum of 3.5M. The site finally closed in march 2009 with the loss of 150 jobs.

Doncaster High School For Girls

The school was designed by J. M. Bottomley and G. T. Wellburn of Leeds and built in 1910. It was built in an Edwardian Baroque style, in an English cross bond utilising red brick and with white faience dressings.

In 1935 the building was altered to a design by T Sydney Athron and E Vincent Dyson, first floors were added to the two wings and the Hall was moved from the ground floor upstairs into what is known as the Waterdale Wing.

In 1971 the school amalgamated with Doncaster Grammar School and was renamed Hall Cross Comprehensive. The building here is the Waterdale location.

The school finally amalgamated with the Boy’s Grammar School to become Hall Cross Comprehensive School and finally moved to a new location. The Girls School has sat empty ever since.